Give one word/term for the following descriptions.

The force with which the Earth attracts a body.

The unit for energy.

The movement of a body in the Earth's gravitational field
when no other forces act on it.

The sum of the potential and kinetic energy of a body.

The amount of matter an object is made up of.
Solution not yet available
Consider the situation where an apple falls from a tree. Indicate whether the
following statements regarding this situation are TRUE or FALSE. Write
only “true” or “false”. If the statement is
false, write down the correct statement.

The potential energy of the apple is a maximum when the apple
lands on the ground.

The kinetic energy remains constant throughout the motion.

To calculate the potential energy of the apple we need the
mass of the apple and the height of the tree.

The mechanical energy is a maximum only at the beginning of
the motion.

The apple falls at an acceleration of \(\text{9,8}\)
\(\text{m·s$^{2}$}\) .
Solution not yet available
A man fires a rock out of a slingshot directly upward. The rock has an
initial velocity of \(\text{15}\) \(\text{m·s$^{1}$}\) .

What is the maximum height that the rock will reach?

Draw graphs to show how the potential energy, kinetic energy
and mechanical energy of the rock changes as it moves to
its highest point.
Solution not yet available
A metal ball of mass \(\text{200}\) \(\text{g}\) is tied to a light string to
make a pendulum. The ball is pulled to the side to a height (A),
\(\text{10}\) \(\text{cm}\) above the lowest point of the swing (B). Air
friction and the mass of the string can be ignored. The ball is let go
to swing freely.

Calculate the potential energy of the ball at point A.

Calculate the kinetic energy of the ball at point B.

What is the maximum velocity that the ball will reach during
its motion?
Solution not yet available
A truck of mass \(\text{12}\) \(\text{tons}\) is parked at the top of a hill,
\(\text{150}\) \(\text{m}\) high. The truck driver lets the truck run
freely down the hill to the bottom.

What is the maximum velocity that the truck can achieve at
the bottom of the hill?

Will the truck achieve this velocity? Why/why not?
Solution not yet available
A stone is dropped from a window, \(\text{6}\) \(\text{m}\) above the ground.
The mass of the stone is \(\text{25}\) \(\text{g}\).
Use the Principle of Conservation of Energy to determine the speed with
which the stone strikes the ground.
Solution not yet available