5.1 Introduction
Previous
End of chapter exercises

Next
5.2 Work

Chapter 5: Work, energy and power
5.1 Introduction (ESCM9)
We use the term `work' in everyday conversation to mean many different things. We talk about going to work, doing homework, working in class. Physicists mean something very specific when they talk about work.
In Physics we use the term work to describe the process of transferring energy from object or system to another or converting energy from one form to another.
You will learn that work and energy are closely related to Newton's laws of motion. You shall see that the energy of an object is its capacity to do work and doing work is the process of transferring energy from one object or form to another by means of a force. In other words,

an object with lots of energy can do lots of work.

when object A transfers energy to object B, the energy of object A decreases by the same amount as the energy of object B increases, we say that object A does work on object B.
Lifting objects or throwing them requires that you do work on them. Even making an electrical current flow requires that something do work. Objects or systems must have energy to be able to do work on other objects or systems by transferring some of their energy.
 Units and unit conversions, Physical Sciences, Grade 10, Science skills
 Equations  Mathematics, Grade 10, Equations and inequalities
 Techniques of vector addition  Physical Sciences, Grade 10, Vectors and scalars
 Newton's laws  Physical Sciences, Grade 11, Forces
 Force diagrams  Physical Sciences, Grade 11, Forces
Work:
 Define word done on an object by a force.
 Understand that work is a scalar.
 Calculations done on the net work done on an object.
 Understand the difference of positive, negative and no work done.
 Drawing of force diagrams to determine the net work done on an object  Ignore perpendicular forces.
Workenergy theorem:
 Know the difference between conservative and nonconservative forces.
 Understand the result of a net force working in on an object.
 Application of the workenergy theorem to objects on horizontal and inclined planes.
 Calculations of different motions of objects.
Conservation of energy:
 Definition of conservative and nonconservative forces and examples.
 Know the relationship between conservative and nonconservative forces and mechanical energy.
 Calculations done on the conservation of energy.
 Using calculations to prove the relationship between nonconservative forces and mechanical energy.
Power:
 Definition of power as the rate at which work is done.
 Calculations done when work is done.
 Understand what is needed to keep an object moving at a constant speed.
 Calculations done when an object moves at a constant speed.
 Calculations done on power.
 Calculations done on maximum and minimum power.
 Units and unit conversions, Physical Sciences, Grade 10, Science skills
 Equations  Mathematics, Grade 10, Equations and inequalities
 Techniques of vector addition  Physical Sciences, Grade 10, Vectors and scalars
 Newton's laws  Physical Sciences, Grade 11, Forces
 Force diagrams  Physical Sciences, Grade 11, Forces
Previous
End of chapter exercises

Table of Contents 
Next
5.2 Work
